Adding curtains to a room can provide the area with just the splash of color and design it needs. When a valance is included, the window treatment receives added depth. By incorporating a single valance into the top of the window treatment, a second rod is not needed. This project is easy and allows a person to exercise some creativity.
You will need:
- Tape measure
- Fabric for curtains and valance
- Lining fabric
- Curtain hooks
- Pencil pleat heading tape
- Sewing machine
- Ironing board
Step 1: Use the tape measure to determine how much fabric and lining will be needed for the curtains. Measure the existing rod and multiply the figure by two. Divide this figure by the fabric width. Use the same width for the lining. To determine the length, measure how long the desired curtain will be and add eight inches. The same figure should be used for the lining length. Multiple the length by the quantity of widths to determine the total amount of fabric needed.
Step 2: Measure to determine how much fabric is needed to make the valance. The width equals the curtain width plus four inches, to account for side hems. The length is 1/6 the length of the curtains plus three inches for top and bottom hems. Multiple this length and the quantity of widths to arrive at total amount of fabric needed.
Step 3: Cut the fabric, starting with the curtains, then cutting the lining and then the valance. When cutting the lining, go three inches shorter and four inches narrower than the measurements for the curtains.
Step 4: Hem the lining and the fabric. At the lining bottom, use a double 2-inch hem. Stitch the lining. For the fabric hem, turn up a double 3-inch hem and pin it.
Step 5: Line up the fabric and lining, placing the fabric right side up and putting the lining on top with the wrong side up. Match the raw edges and pin these. Draw a line across the bottom corner of each curtain to create a right triangle. Draw a diagonal intersecting line across each corner. Turn the curtain so it is wrong side up and press fabric along the diagonal line, to the right side of fabric. Working ½-inch in, stitch down each side of the curtain and leave the bottom corners open. Close the mitered corners using a slipstitch.
Step 6: Turn the curtain so it is right side out and roll 1-inch of fabric onto the wrong side on each edge while doing this. Miter fabric corners and slip stitch the hem.
Step 7: Using the pins, make a double 1-inch hem along the valance sides and bottom. Miter bottom corners, stitch these into place, and press all seams to secure them.
Step 8: Turn the valance so the wrong side is up. Place it on a flat, sturdy surface. Put the curtains on top with their wrong side up. Align the curtains with the valance. Put the heading tape along the top of this wrong side. Fold down 1-inch over this tape. Turn under 1-inch and pin the sides. Stitch the heading tape along the long edges of the tape.
Step 9: Iron the curtains and valance.
Step 10: Secure the curtain hooks in the heading tape. Hang the curtains and the valance from the rod.