A healthy lawn is thick, green, and beautiful but it needs some help to get this way and stay this way. Fertilizing is the key to keeping the lawn healthy because it feeds the soil, providing it with nutrients and improving texture and the ability to retain water. Applying the correct type of fertilizer at the proper time of year will make the lawn flourish and enhance the beauty of your home.
You will need:
Step 1: Use the soil testing kit to identify what nutrients the soil needs. Ask a worker at a nursery or garden center to help find the proper products to use. Acidic soil may need powdered lime and clay-rich soil may require gypsum.
Step 2: Ask the worker for help regarding fertilizer. General purpose or lawn starter fertilizers are appropriate for lawns that have never been fertilized. Over several months, they gradually release a mixture of the most commonly required ingredients. Fast-acting liquid fertilizers are quickly absorbed, requiring re-application every few weeks. Granular fertilizers allow you to better control the amount applied. These slowly release nutrients over a six to 12-week period.
Organic fertilizers include manure, fish emulsion, green sand, compost, blood meal, cottonseed meal, and superphosphate. These are also available at nurseries and garden centers. They often lack ingredients that delay nutrient release so they may need to be applied more frequently.
Step 3: Wear work gloves, safety glasses, and other protective clothing when handling and applying fertilizer. Follow the instructions on the package regarding when and how to apply the fertilizer. Slow-release products should not be applied to the lawn late in the season because they will increase grass growth before dormant months. Liquid fertilizers are usually concentrated so they should be mixed with water or attached to the garden hose for application. Granular fertilizers should be applied with a spreader.
Application rate varies depending on level of coverage recommended on the product bag. After the fertilizer is applied, use the rake to work it into the ground and then water the lawn using the garden hose outfitted with the spray nozzle. Do not over-apply fertilizer because this can cause chemical burns and kill plants.
Step 4: After the fertilizer application, clean the equipment and bottom of the shoes. Use the broom to sweep up fertilizer from the driveway or the sidewalk and dispose of it or put it back in the fertilizer bag. Ensure that fertilized water does not run into streams, ponds, or other water sources.