Baseboards are considered a finishing element within a room, making the area look more stylish. If the baseboards in your home are worn, knicked, or missing, replacing them will add value and refresh the interior. After learning some basic cutting techniques, this project will be easy.
You will need:
• Power miter saw, hacksaw, or handsaw
• Hand miter box (when a hack or handsaw is used)
• Saw table
• Baseboard molding and wood
• Wood glue
• Panel adhesive
• 6d and 4d finishing nails
• Electronic stud finder
• Power drill
• Tape measure (16 or 20 feet)
• Sandpaper (fine, medium, and coarse)
• Nail set
• Putty knife
• Paint or stain
• Wax putty sticks or a wood filler
• Safety glasses
Step 1: Select the correct baseboard style for your room. A one-piece baseboard is the best choice for a room with wall-to-wall carpeting. Two-piece baseboards with shoe molding are suitable for a room featuring hardwood or tile flooring. A flexible shoe style of molding is a quarter-round trim used to fill in the gap between the floor and the molding. A decorative look is created when three-piece shoe, cap, and baseboard molding is used. Cap molding is placed at the top section of a baseboard.
Step 2: You will need to make different cuts when creating your baseboards so familiarize yourself with them. A square cut is a 90-degree cut use at an inside or outside corner to install a miterless type of baseboard molding. A plinth block is nailed and glued to a wall with panel adhesive and is used at a door opening. Cope, miter, and bevel are several other cut styles used during baseboard installation.
Using a power miter saw will create better results than using a hand or hacksaw with a hand miter box. Always use the safety guard provided with the miter saw. Before cutting the molding, place it flat on a saw table so cuts will not splinter the wood. When making a cut, do not allow waste to fall off your saw table.
Step 3: Get the dimensions of the perimeter of your room with the tape measure and add ten percent to accommodate for errors. Use the stud finder to locate the first stud in the wall. Mark the center of it on the floor or wall with the pencil. Mark the centers of additional studs at 16 or 24 inch intervals on the floor or wall.
Step 4: Use the fine-grit sandpaper to sand the baseboards. Stain the boards or apply the primer and a coat of paint.
Step 5: Put the safety goggles on and verify that an already square-cut section of molding will fit into a corner of the room. If the wall is not plumb, there will be a gap between the wall and this molding. To get a good fit, a slight angle might have to be cut into the ends of your molding. Rough cut any long pieces now.
Step 6: Start at the longest wall in the room. Square-cut one piece of baseboard so it fits between interior corners. If an outside corner is located at one end, put the square-cut end against the inside corner. With the pencil, mark the opposite end to make a miter cut for your outside corner. Drive in two of the 6d nails at each stud. One should be placed about ½-inch from your floor and the other should be driven into the flat area located close to the top of your molding.
Step 7: Work from either the left or right of the room, cutting and installing molding. Before hammering a nail near the end of a piece of molding, you can drill a pilot hole to prevent the wood from splitting. This hole should be a bit narrower than the nail diameter. Hammer the nail into the hole.
Step 8: When using shoe molding, follow the process above to cut the joints. Shoe molding should be nailed into your floor.
Step 9: Use the base molding installation steps to install cap style molding. Nail cap molding at a downward angle into the top of baseboards.
Step 10: Use the nail set to drive in nail heads until they rest just below the surface of the wood. Use the wood filler and putty knife to fill each nail hole. If you stained the molding, fill the nail using a wax putty stick.