A sliding glass door from the kitchen or living area to an outside patio or deck is attractive, but has a dated style and may not be energy efficient. Hinged, insulated glass doors are a modern alternative that come in styles ranging from traditional to contemporary. Give the home an upgrade by replacing the slider with a pair of hinged glass doors.
You will need:
• Hinged glass patio doors
• 12 to 20 cedar or impervious spacers or shims
• 1 16d nail
• ¼ pound of two-inch galvanized roof nails
• 12 to 30 feet sealant backer or closed cell foam backer rod
• Door flashing tape
• Low-pressure polyurethane door foam
• Exterior silicone sealant or polyurethane
• 2×4 wood blocking or an aluminum sill support
• 15 to 40 feet jam extensions or interior trim
• 6-foot laser level
• Tape measure
• Utility knife
• Power Drill
• Small flat-blade screwdriver
• Safety goggles
Step 1: Purchase hinged glass patio doors that are ½ inch shorter and ¾ inch narrower than the door opening. Remove the sliding glass door. Check the opening to make sure it is level and plumb. Running the beam from the laser level will check for plumb.
Step 2: Install the water-resistant barrier at the bottom and top of the door opening. Attach the door flashing tape to the sill. Install the sill support or blocking on the box plate exterior, making it flush with the subfloor.
Step 3: Remove the grills, hardware, and screens from the hinged doors. Keep the plastic shipping spacers intact because they keep your doors square during the installation process.
Step 4: Place three beads of sealant inside the door opening, putting one 3/4 inch from the exterior, one in the location of the threshold, and one ¼ inch from the exterior edge of the sill support or wood blocking.
Step 5: Have several people help insert the hinged doors into the opening, working from the outside. Do this by first setting the bottom of the doorframe into place and then tilting the top into the opening. Avoid sliding the door because this will disturb the sealant.
Step 6: Square and plumb the frame and then lock it in place with the shims.
Step 7: Use the galvanized roof nails to fasten the nailing fin to the opening. Remove the shipping spacers.
Step 8: Insert one of the 3-inch screws into each hinge. Make sure the screw penetrates the structural framing.
Step 9: Apply the top and side flashing tape and then fold down the water resistant barrier. The nailing fin should be completely covered by the tape but this tape should not extend to the doorframe. Overlap the side tape with the top tape to keep water from seeping behind the tape.
Step 10: Add the insulating sealant between the rough opening and the door.
Step 11: Install the backer rod and hardware.
Step 12: Use the exterior sealant to seal the outside perimeter. Apply the sealant in an hourglass shape so it will stay flexible.
Step 13: Apply primer to the interior and exterior surfaces and then paint them.