In Part 1 of this project guide, you removed the existing finish from a wooden antique and prepared the wood surface to be sanded and treated with a new finish. Part 2 focuses on the sanding and refinishing process. Now that you can see the bare wood, you may be pleased to realize that the piece is made of solid wood of a high quality that is in decent shape. Prepare to be amazed.
You will need:
• Orbit sander
• Sanding block
• Detail sander
• 220-grit sanding disks
• 120-grit sanding disks
• Grain filler (for open grain wood pieces)
• Wood filler
• Wood finish
• Wood stain
• Natural bristle brush
• Foam brush
• Tack cloth
• Rubber gloves
Step 1: If open grain wood like oak was used to make the antique, grain filler must be applied before the piece can be sanded. Follow the instructions on the package to apply the filler.
Step 2: Use an orbit sander to lightly sand the smooth surfaces of the piece. Flat, uneven surfaces should be sanded with a 120-grit sanding disk and then a 220-grit disk that will remove swirl marks.
Step 3: If there is any rotten wood on the piece, a professional woodworker should be able to replace it.
Step 4: Fill in cracks using the wood filler. A rag can be used to wipe off excess filler.
Step 5: Use a sanding block to sand crevices and corners of the piece.
Step 6: If the antique has any areas that are difficult to reach, a detail sander should be able to get into them.
Step 7: After the entire piece has been sanded, use a tack cloth to wipe off the excess sand dust. Make sure all dust is removed because any that remains will become a permanent part of the piece during finishing.
Step 8: Use the foam brush to apply the new stain, making each stroke flow with the grain of the wood. Allow ten minutes for the first coat to be absorbed.
Step 9: Use a clean rag to wipe off access stain, moving against the grain first and then with the grain.
Step 10: Rest the piece on one side and repeat Steps 8 and 9. Do this for each side.
Step 11: Review the piece to determine whether the stain is dark enough. If you prefer a darker color, apply a second coat of stain, allowing ten minutes drying time after staining each side and wiping each section with a rag.
Step 12: Use the natural bristle brush to apply the wood finish. Let the first coat dry and follow the manufacturer instructions for application of additional coats.