Plow and till are interchangeable verbs that have the same meaning. Both words mean to cultivate the soil, or turn it over, by physical means. The most common way to plow or till a garden is to use a handheld tiller to bring soil to the ground’s surface and thereby adding oxygen and nutrients to the soil.
You will need:
- Hand held tiller or motorized tiller, your choice
- Garden area
- Fertilizer for the area to be tilled
- Measuring tape
Step 1: Measure the area of the garden that you will need to cultivate or till. This will tell you how much fertilizer you will need when tilling the area. The main reason to till or plow soil is to introduce oxygen and new nutrients to the soil for future use. Fertilizer for most plants includes a 5-10-5 compliment of ingredients. The first number is for nitrogen, second number for phosphorous and third number for potassium. This is considered an all around good fertilizer for most plants.
Step 2: Measure out the fertilizer for the area you are going to till and place into the seeder. Walk the seeder around the entire area of your garden, to lay the fertilizer out evenly over the area. Continue to walk the entire garden area until all the fertilizer has been laid on top of the soil evenly.
Step 3: Begin at one vertical corner of your garden, by holding the tiller firmly in your hands. Press down into the soil so that the soil will be able to be moved. Press the tiller forward while walking, still applying the same pressure the entire length of the garden. This mixes the fertilizer into the soil you are tilling up, and allows it to settle into the soil for future use.