A fruit and vegetable garden can make an attractive and functional addition to the yard. The fruits and vegetables are often brightly colored, adding some flair to the garden and to the food on your plate! The gardener can take pride in watching the tomatoes, peppers, and watermelons grow. Gardeners should also learn how to plant peas so these can be added to your vegetable garden.
Step 1: Decide on the number of pea plants. Peas can be grown in a pot or directly in the garden. A 10-inch pot should hold one to two pea plants. If the peas will be grown in the garden, designate a plot for the plants.
Step 2: Potted plants should be placed in a bright area that does not get full sun. The ideal garden area is a spot that receives partial shade from a hedge or tree. Peas enjoy cooler climates, so take that into account when determining planting locations.
Step 3: Purchase seeds, which are actually the peas themselves. Fresh peas from a supermarket or farmer’s market will be fine. Do not use canned or frozen peas. If using dried peas, select the organic variety because these have not been treated to prevent sprouting.
Step 4: Prepare the ground or put potting soil into the pot. Approximately six inches of rich, loose soil is required. Vegetable fertilizer can be added, but is not necessary. Peas can be planted as early as six to eight weeks prior to the last killing frost. They usually grow in spring and fall, so they can be planted again in September or October.
Step 5: Make a hole the depth of the first joint in the finger, then plant one seed in the hole. Pat the soil over the seed and gently water the area. Plant seeds at least six inches away from each other.
Step 6: Give the pea plants something to twine on, such as a net that is strung between two poles. Each plant can have its own pole, if desired. Plant these supports when the seeds are planted.
Step 7: Gently water the seeds once daily, more often if the ground is dry. The first sprouts will appear within two to ten days.
Step 8: Attach the sprouts to the twining poles as soon as they can reach. They will grow quickly, so monitor them every day to make sure that they continue to twine.
Step 9: A few weeks after the sprouts become present, flowers will bloom. Once the flower dries up, a pea pod will start growing from the same location.
Step 10: Some peas, such as sugar snap and snow peas, can be picked when they are flat and young. Both the pod and the peas can be eaten. For other varieties, pick the pods only when they are round and the peas inside are evidenced by bumps in the pods. Peas should be picked the same day they will be consumed.
Step 11: Allow a few pods to mature at the end of the growing season and save the seeds for planting the following year. They can be placed in a cool, dry spot and saved after they have dried.