Creating a safe home environment involves more than keeping the door locked at night. There are several things we can do to improve safety inside the home. These are not difficult or expensive to implement and the injuries they may prevent make them well worth the time and money.
You will need:
• Stair rail
• Stair rail brackets
• End caps
• Measuring tape
• Carpenter’s square
• Power drill with bit
• Miter saw
• Finishing nails
• Nail set
• Stud finder
• Laser level
• Wood plugs
• Paint or finish
• Non-skid rug mats
• Self-adhesive, non-skid bathroom decals
• Carpet or safety treads
• Temperature controlled faucets
• Smoke alarms
• Carbon monoxide alarms
• Fire extinguishers
• Door peepholes
• Thumbscrew deadbolts
• Motion-activated door alarm or home security system
*Dryer Exhaust Tube
Step 1: Install non-skid rug mat under each rug in the home, including rugs in the bathroom. Put self-adhesive, non-skid decals on the tub or shower floor. To help prevent any scalding from hot water, install a temperature-controlled faucet on each sink and in the shower or bath.
Step 2: Install nightlights in each room, the hallway, and stairways. Install safety treads or carpet on the stairs.
Step 3: Have an annual furnace inspection to ensure that the flue is open. Regularly inspect gas connections, gas ovens, and cook tops to identify corrosion or wear and have these issues addressed.
Step 4: Install a dryer exhaust tube made from metal. Regularly check it for lint and remove buildup to prevent fires.
Step 5: Develop a fire escape plan for the family and practice it regularly. Install carbon monoxide and smoke alarms on each floor of the home, placing them near bedrooms. Check battery life in battery-operated models each time you turn the clock back or forward. Install a fire extinguisher in the kitchen, laundry room, and the room containing the furnace.
Step 6: Install a security peephole and thumbscrew deadbolt on each exterior door and keep exterior entryways like porches brightly lit.
Step 7: Install motion-activated alarms on exterior doors or get a home security system.
Step 8: All stairways should have a handrail on each side. The diameter of the interior handrail should provide a comfortable grip. To install the rail, use a stud finder to locate wall studs and mark these with the pencil. With the tape measure, measure the height for the rail. Thirty inches is the standard height but the height should match that of the old rail. Use the pencil to mark the proper height on the wall. With the laser level and pencil, find and mark the line for the rail. Every 24 to 36 inches, screw a handrail bracket into the wall.
Measure the length of the wall along the stairs. Cut the handrail to fit this, mitering ends at a 45-degree angle. Use finishing nails and glue to attach the handrail end caps. Position the rail and mark where the screws will attach. Pre-drill screw holes, then screw the rail into the brackets, countersinking each screw. Fill each screw hole with a wood plug, sand the area smooth, and touch it up with finish or paint.