By joining pieces of wood, manufacturers create household furniture like tabletops and decorative items such as picture frames. But, how is this done? Professional woodworkers use sophisticated techniques but there are a few basic methods that do-it-yourselfers should learn. When a home improvement project involves joining wood, you will know how to do it!
You will need:
• Pocket hole drill bit
• Pocket hole jig
• Pocket screws
• Wood glue
• Face frame clamp
• Biscuit or plate joiner
• Construction adhesive
• Tape measure
Step 1: Pocket screws are good ways to join wood featuring butt or miter joints. Use a pocket hole jig and drill bit to make them. Set the pocket hole jig depth to match the thickness of the wood. Adjust the pocket hole drill bit collar to the correct depth.
Step 2: Use the face frame clamp to clamp the wood. Drill the screw holes with the drill.
Step 3: Glue the wood joints together, clamp them together, and drill the screws into the screw holes gently.
Step 4: Biscuit joints are used to join the face of one board to the edge of another. A biscuit or plate joiner tool is used for this project.
Step 5: Adjust the setting on the biscuit joiner tool to match the biscuit.
Step 6: Place the biscuit in the correct spot on the wood and use the pencil to mark the center of that spot.
Step 7: Use the biscuit joiner to cut a biscuit hole in the correct location on the wood. Repeat Steps 6 and 7 for each biscuit being used.
Step 8: Insert the biscuits into the wood, apply glue to the area, and use the clamp to attach the two boards.
Step 9: Half-lap joints are created by gluing and screwing two board halves together. First, draw a cut line on one board, using the pencil and a piece of scrap wood of the same width.
Step 10: Use the pencil and tape measure to draw a line halfway down the side of this board. Using the saw, cut the wood to that spot, sawing on the line created in Step 9.
Step 11: On the end of the board, draw another line that cuts the board in half lengthwise. Use a saw to cut off this piece, creating a lap joint.
Step 12: Follow Steps 9 to 11 for the other piece of wood. Glue the lap joints of the two pieces together.
Step 13: At the corner of the joint, drill four screws in a square configuration.