A positive first impression of a home can increase the value of the property by as much as ten percent, says the National Association of Real Estate Appraiser. One way to make the outside of the home more appealing is to install pavers. When pavers are installed in sand, this project is easy and inexpensive.
You will need:
- Wooden stakes
- String lines or chalk
- Crushed rock
- Manual compactor (can be rented from a home improvement store)
- Two 1-inch PVC pipes
- Bedding sand
- Piece of wood
- Hammer and chisel or a masonry saw
- Push broom
- Rubber mallet
Step 1: Prepare the surface by using wooden stakes and string lines or chalk to outline where the top of the pavers will be installed. Remove any sod. Dig a minimum of 7 3/8 inches below the chalk or string line.
Step 2: Fill in the area with crushed rock, going as high as 3 ½ inches below the chalk or string line. Ensure that the rock is at least 4 inches deep in every area. Rake this surface until it appears level.
Step 3: Use a manual compactor to compact this crushed rock. This forms the foundation onto which the pavers are placed.
Step 4: Place two one-inch PVC pipes in parallel on the base rock. These are used for spacing. Spread bedding sand in between these two pipes. Spread only the amount of sand that can be covered with pavers that day. Smooth the sand using the piece of wood. Make the sand level with the top of the pipes.
Step 5: Remove the pipes and fill in the gaps. Be sure not to walk on or otherwise compact the sand.
Step 6: Begin laying the pavers outward using a staggered pattern. Use a hammer and chisel or a masonry saw to cut the pavers. Every few feet, measure over to the string line to ensure the process is on track.
Step 7: Sweep loose sand diagonally across the pavers into all joints. Set the pavers using a rubber mallet. Begin at the perimeter and work inward. Work over the entire surface at least two times until you are sure it is level.
Step 8: Spread more sand on the paver surface and sweep this into the joints to complete filling them. Extra sand can be swept into pavers later or used to refill worn-away joints.