Installing lighting on your deck makes this outdoor area more usable. Whether you want to enhance security, direct attention to an area, or create a mood, lighting can do it. It can be difficult to install these lights on stone or brick. Following the steps below enables you to install lighting on a single layer of partial stone or brick or a surface featuring full size stone or brick.
You will need:
• Low voltage transformer
• Electrical conduit
• Drill bit set
• Wire stripper
• Electrical wire
• Masonry strap hanger
• Masonry screws
• Wire fish lead
• Electrical or duct tape
• Tape measure
• Deck lights
Step 1: Check local building requirements and codes before beginning to ensure compliance during installation. If the stone or brick is fascia, you can drill through its grout and then fish out electrical wiring. If it is full size, conduit must be run to an outside source of electricity.
Step 2: Use the electrical or duct tape to mark the location of the deck lights on the stone or brick. With the tape measure, calculate the distance from this mark to the deck or the ground. Measure from there to the exterior GFI power source. This should be a straight light down and another distance along the ground. The conduit must be bent to achieve any deviation from a straight line. To ensure that enough conduit and wiring are used, add 15 percent to measurements.
Step 3: Several conduit options are available. A basic metal pipe style is inexpensive and a designer version that matches the stone or brick may also be available.
Step 4: Put the electrical wiring by the source of power and run it to where the deck lights will be installed, following the route measured in Step 2. Follow the deck light manufacturer instructions to attach electrical wires to deck lights.
Step 5: Drill the holes for the first lighting fixture with the drill equipped with a masonry drill bit. Put the light in the desired location, allowing the electrical wiring to hang from the bottom of the light fixture. Use the screwdriver and masonry screws to secure the light to the stone or brick. Install a light bulb in the light fixture. Repeat this step for each light fixture.
Step 6: Measure and cut a section of conduit to run from the first light fixture. Attach strap hangers to conduit and fish electrical wires through the conduit section. Use the strap hangers to attach the conduit to the stone or brick. Repeat the process until arriving at the transformer. Extra wiring should be protruding from the conduit.
Step 7: Turn off the circuit breaker for the electrical outlet that will serve as the source of power. Locate the closest joist and install the transformer, following the manufacturer directions. Use the wire stripper to strip the electrical wires. Connect these wires to the transformer as directed by the manufacturer.
Step 8: Turn on the circuit breaker, plug in the transformer, and turn on the deck lights. If they work, attach installed conduit to a wall under the transformer. If the lights are not operating, review the installation from the location of the transformer to the lighting fixtures, troubleshooting and correcting the problem.