A toilet is a necessity in any home but it can become cracked or leaky after years of use. It may also be inefficient compared to the models available today or it might just be a funky color that no longer fits in with the bathroom décor. Installing a new toilet is not difficult for someone who is handy and has a helper to lift the heavy item.
You will need:
- Toilet bowl and tank
- Wax bowl ring with plastic flange
- Rubber shim stock
- Masking tape
- Ratchet wrench and socket
- Flat head screwdriver
- Silicone caulk and caulk gun
Step 1: Remove the existing toilet and scrape off any residue left on the floor by the old wax ring. Thoroughly clean the floor area.
Step 2: Install the toilet flange on the floor where the wax ring was.
Step 3: Remove the toilet bowl and tank from their cartons. Place each on top of a towel on the floor, to prevent chipping.
Step 4: Turn the toilet bowl so it is upside down. Press the wax ring into place.
Step 5: Place rubber shim stock onto the bottom of the toilet bowl and secure the pieces with masking tape. This will provide friction between the floor and toilet, to prevent movement of the toilet.
Step 6: Insert the flange bolts into the notches contained in the flange.
Step 7: Install the plastic keeper on top of the bolts, to hold their position.
Step 8: Set the bowl on top of the flange. Push down gently on the bowl by carefully sitting on it.
Step 9: Install a plastic cover clip, washer, and then the brass nut over each flange bolt. Tighten each side a little bit at a time, using the wrench. Do not exert too much force or the flange or toilet base may break.
Step 10: Set the toilet tank on top of the bowl.
Step 11: Insert the brass screws in each of the three holes in the tank. Place a washer and then a nut on the end of each of the screws. Tighten the screws. This will flatten the rubber gasket, sealing the tank to the toilet bowl.
Step 12: Tighten the nuts using a properly sized socket and the ratchet wrench. Hold the screw from the tank end using a flat head screwdriver. Use the level to ensure the tank is properly leveled before fully tightening the nuts.
Step 13: Connect the water supply from the wall to the fitting on the bottom of the tank. This is where water will flow into the unit.
Step 14: Place a bead of silicone caulk around the toilet base, except at the back of the unit. Leaving the back uncaulked allows any leaking water to alert someone to a problem with the wax bowl ring. The water will leak out of the back of the unit rather than through the floor.