Relocating or building interior walls is part of many home remodeling projects. Constructing a non-bearing wall inside the home is not difficult. A basic interior wall features a skeleton comprised of vertical 2×4 studs standing between horizontal 2×4 top and base plates. This is usually covered with gypsum or water-resistant wallboard, lath and plaster, or tile backerboard and decorative tile.
You will need:
• 2×4 boards
• Circular saw
• Stud framing clips
• 3 ½-inch nails
• 3-inch nails
• Combination square
• Carpenter’s level
• 20-ounce rip claw hammer
• Plumb bob
• 16-foot measuring tape
• Chalk line reel
• Utility knife
Step 1: In some cases, surface materials may need to be peeled away to attach the wall securely. If the wall does not fall directly under a ceiling joist or will not butt into the studs on a connecting wall, nailing blocks must be installed between framing pieces.
Step 2: Determine the centerline for the wall and mark this on the ceiling. In each direction, measure and make a mark at one-half the width of the top plate for the new wall. Snap the chalk line to connect the marks. One stud will be installed at each end. At an end meeting a wall, use the measuring tape to measure 15 ¼ inches and mark the interior edge on the first intermediate location stud. Measure 16 inches for the same edge on the additional studs.
Step 3: Lay the 2x4s for the bottom and top plates next to each other on the floor. Measure the locations for the wall studs. Mark this area by creating perpendicular lines that run across the boards, using the combination square.
Step 4: Locate the ceiling joists. Holding the top plate board along the ceiling guideline marked in Step 2, hammer two nails through your ceiling and into each of the joists. If the wall will run parallel to ceiling joists, fasten this plate to the nailing blocks that you installed between joists.
Step 5: Hang the plumb bob at the ends of the installed top plate, letting it fall just shy of the floor. Make a mark on the floor- this indicates the location of the bottom plate. Snap another chalk line between these marks on the floor, creating a guide for the edge of the bottom plate. Nail this plate to the floor, using 3-inch nails each 16 inches and staggering them.
Step 6: Install the wall studs, securing each one with a stud framing clip. Each stud should be lined up on the mark and flush with the bottom and top plate edges. Use the carpenter’s level to check plumb. Nail each stud into place.
Step 7: Where two walls intersect, double up the studs in order to receive an intersecting wall. When a corner is turned, create a frame using two studs with blocks sandwiched between them.