A fence serves as the boundary of the property, adds privacy, and keeps unwanted animals an out of the yard and your pets in the yard. An attractive, well-built fence can also improve the value of the home. Professional fence installers are expensive so consider building your own fence by following these easy steps.
You will need:
• 4×4 cedar, pressure treated southern yellow pine, or other rot resistant posts
• 2×4 lumber of either pressure treated or rot resistant wood
• Post hole digger
• Fence boards (should be 5 5/8 inches wide, 5/8 inches thick, 6 feet long)
• 1×6 rough sawn lumber
• Builder’s line
• 16 or 12d galvanized nails
• 8d spiral shanked galvanized nails
• Waterproofing sealer
• Cement (optional)
Step 1: Determine the line where the fence will be installed, being careful not to encroach on neighboring property.
Step 2: Decide on the desired fence height. A privacy fence is normally six feet, while a livestock fence is four feet and a picket fence usually has a height of three feet.
Step 3: Set the end posts, which are posts at both ends and along the corners. Dig holes using the post hole digger. The holes must be deep enough to provide support to the fence. A median depth is about 30 inches. Put an end post into each hole, filling in around it with cement or packed dirt.
Step 4: Pull the builder’s line between the end posts, keeping the line at an equal height from the ground.
Step 5: Mark the spot for post holes between the end posts, every eight feet measured center to center. Dig the remaining holes and set the posts, ensuring that they are the same distance from the building line. Pack backfill around each post.
Step 6: To create a privacy fence, nail the 2×4 board to each post, using 16 or 12d galvanized nails. The board should run along the center, top, and one foot from the post bottom.
Step 7: Nail the 1×6 lumber, to serve as vertical boards, using 8d nails. Leave room between each board and the stringer.
Step 8: Use a waterproofing sealer to paint the fence.