Paint in dwellings built prior to 1978 often contains a high level of lead. Lead-based paint chips and dust can expose humans, especially children, to serious health risks if they are not properly handled. Under federal law, individuals who purchase, rent, or renovate a home built before 1978 must receive certain information regarding the presence of lead-based paint. Owning a home with lead-based paint requires that an individual know how to clean it according to the standards recommended by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
If the paint is in good condition and is not in an area subject to friction or impact, then it is usually not a hazard. When it is found on high impact areas like windows, window sills, doors, door frames, railings, stairs, porches, or banisters, it could be a hazard. Peeling, chalking, chipping, damaged, or cracked lead-based paint is a hazard. Lead dust is a hazard and results from scraping, heating, or sanding lead-based paint. It can also form when two painted surfaces bump or rub together. If the dust settles, it can become airborne when a person walks through, sweeps, or vacuums it.
You will need:
Step 1: Immediately clean up paint chips using a HEPA vacuum. Do not open, empty the contents, or change the vacuum bag within the home.
Step 2: On a weekly basis, vacuum and clean window sills, window frames, floors, and other surfaces. If a vacuum is not available, use wet disposable towels. Clean surfaces using a sponge dipped in warm water and an all-purpose or lead-specific cleaner. Clean the floor using disposable towels or a mop and the cleaning solution. Apply pressure to surfaces in order to remove lead dust.
Step 3: Rinse mop heads and sponges thoroughly after cleaning.
Step 4: Dispose of towels in a trash bag and seal the bag with a knot or tape. Place the trash bag out with the regular household trash.
Step 5: Wash children’s hands regularly, especially prior to meals, before naps, and before bedtime.
Step 6: Wash stuffed animals, toys, pacifiers, and bottles frequently. Keep all play areas clean.
Step 7: To avoid tracking lead that may be present in soil surrounding the home, remove or clean shoes before entering the house.