There are many ways to store or display items on walls and shelves are popular choices. If you have ample space, stationary shelves are appropriate but when space is at a premium, folding versions may be preferred. These fold up against the wall when not in use, keeping the room as spacious as possible.
You will need:
• 4-inch thick softwood block or plywood sheet
• Shelf brackets
• Wood stain
• Table saw
• Table saw anchors
• Measuring tape
• Drywall nails
• Medium-grit sandpaper
Step 1: Use the measuring tape to measure the area on the wall for each shelf. Mark the desired dimensions on the wall. Cut the wood to these measurements with the table saw. Use pressure-treated wood of a high quality if installing the shelf in a living area. Plywood is suitable for other locations.
Step 2: Smooth rough edges on the wood with the sandpaper. Remove sanding dust with a damp cloth. Coat the wood with the wood stain. Let the first coat dry and apply a second coat, if needed. Let stain dry completely before proceeding.
Step 3: Follow Steps 1 and 2 to create additional shelves.
Step 4: Place the anchors against the wall at the desired height for the shelves. The length of the shelf should not cross a point greater than 3 inches from the end of either anchor. Use the drill to create holes where the anchor ends and wall align. Hammer drywall nails into these holes.
Step 5: Align the shelf bracket so it is level with the installed anchors. Install the bracket by drilling holes in the appropriate locations and screwing them firmly into the walls.
Step 6: Place the shelf board on a flat surface. Position a hinge under each end and drill holes into the wood where the hinge holes are. Screw the hinges to the shelf. If you want to create a long shelf that folds in two locations, align a second piece of wood with the seams of the first piece. Follow the procedure for installing the hinges.
Step 7: Mount the shelf onto the anchors and brackets on the wall. Align the bracket holes with the bottom of the shelf surface. Drill holes and insert the screws. Verify that the shelf is level before fully tightening the screws. Repeat for each shelf.