So, you just had a new wood stove installed in your home and are excited to begin using it. As temperatures drop throughout the country, cool fall nights are perfect for lighting a fire in your new appliance. To heat your home most effectively, you must know the proper way to build a fire in the stove. There are several different techniques so experiment with each one to discover which is the most convenient way to keep the home toasty throughout the winter.
You will need:
Step 1: Understand the basic stages of starting and maintaining a fire in a wood stove. This begins with boiling water, which comprises just shy of 20 percent of the weight of seasoned firewood. Heated wood makes a popping sound and creates smoke. When this smoke becomes hot enough, it converts to fire. As this fire burns, it consumes the combustible material in the wood, turning itself into charcoal, which must be vented to prevent buildup of noxious carbon monoxide gas fumes.
Step 2: The first technique involves placing 2 split logs into the firebox, situating them parallel and inserting some wadded newspaper in the space between them. Place kindling around this newspaper and light the newspaper with the long match or lighter. As the newspaper burns, the kindling will ignite, eventually burning enough to begin burning the wood. When the newspaper and kindling are burning down and the logs have begun burning, add logs to keep your fire going.
Step 3: The second technique is a bit more complicated but equally effective. Put 3 or 4 logs into the wood stove and put some medium-sized kindling on top of and at angles around the logs. Place one layer of small kindling on top of this. Roll up the ends of 3 or 4 pieces of newspaper. Knot the pieces to join them, then place the newspaper on the kindling. Light the newspaper, which should eventually ignite the kindling, burning down to light the logs. This should provide a decent fire for as long as 2 hours.
Step 4: Firestarters are small blocks of sawdust or paraffin wax. Put some logs into the wood stove and place some firestarters among them. Light the firestarters, which will burn and eventually cause the logs to burn. Firestarters create a reliable burn but this method is more expensive than the other techniques described.