Summer is right around the corner and with it comes a slew of potential health problems. To enjoy all that the warm weather has to offer, be aware of potential health problems and take a proactive stand. This will allow you to enjoy more of the sun and surf and avoid spending time laid up inside the house.
You will need:
• One-liter bottle
• Calamine lotion
• Topical anti-itch cream
• High socks or boots
• Insect repellent containing oil of lemon eucalyptus, picaridin, or DEET
• Ice pack
• Full-spectrum sunscreen
• Tylenol, Motrin, Advil, or aspirin
Step 1: When water replaces the body fluids packed with electrolytes, dehydration is often the result. If someone becomes severely dehydrated and is unable to sweat enough to cool off, body temperature increases and this can lead to heatstroke, which can be fatal. Drink a one-liter bottle mixture of half water, half Gatorade every hour if you are sweating outdoors. If heatstroke does develop, immediately head to the emergency room.
Step 2: Poison ivy plants feature a tri-leafed design with some purple or yellow coloring. They are usually located in shrubbery. When in such areas, wear high socks or boots and remain on an established path. Wash the clothing and your hands as soon as you get home. If you get poison ivy, treat it with calamine lotion and topical anti-itch cream. Severe cases require a visit to the doctor for some steroids.
Step 3: Mosquitoes are more than just pesty insects whose bites make us itch. They can be carriers of Eastern Equine Encephalitis or West Nile Virus. Wear as much clothing as possible, stay inside during dawn and dusk, which are peak bite times, and use an insect repellent containing oil of lemon eucalyptus, picaridin, or DEET. Wash bites and lessen itching with an ice pack or an anti-itch cream.
Step 4: Wear a full-spectrum sunscreen to prevent sunburn, even on cloudy days. This absorbs or blocks all the UV rays. If pain or fever develops due to sunburn, take Tylenol, Motrin, Advil, or aspirin. Take a cool bath and drink water to rehydrate the body. Do not break any sunburn blisters. Cover these with gauze to prevent an infection.