Many construction and home improvement jobs require the use of a saw. The type of material, the precision and shape of cut, and the speed of the task will determine what type of saw is best for the project. Here is some information that will allow you to select the right saw for the job:
- Crosscut Saw/Box Saw- a handsaw that will cut across the grain of wood. A box saw is a shortened crosscut saw.
- Rip Saw- similar to a crosscut saw but contains larger teeth. It is used to cut with the grain when working on wood.
- Hack Saw- a handsaw that contains small teeth. Hack saws can be used for cutting very hard materials like metal.
- Coping Saw- used to cut circles or irregular shapes in wood. The frame contained on this saw will not allow cuts to be made more than six inches from the edge of the wood.
- Back Saw/Miter Saw- used to make a very precise, straight cut. This saw contains a brace on the top of it to keep the blade straight. It is often used with a miter box to make cuts at various angles.
- Box Saw- contains large teeth to cut quickly. This saw is best used on wood and when a precise cut is not required, such as when pruning a tree.
- Key-Hole Saw- used to cut small curves or holes in wood or drywall. Key-hole saws are frequently used to cut holes in doors in order to install a lock or to cut holes in drywall for insertion of an electrical box.
- Circular Saw- has a round blade and is powered by an electric motor. This saw can make crosscuts or rip through wood.
- Miter Saw- a circular saw that is held by a metal arm. It is used to cut angles across two planes of a wooden board. Miter saws are often used to cut crown molding.
- Chop Saw- a miter saw whose purpose is to cut metal.
- Tile Saw- a miter saw whose purpose is to cut tile.
- Jig Saw/Saber Saw- an electric version of a coping saw. It is used to make irregular cuts and since the electric version does not have a frame, it can make cuts far from the edge of a piece of wood.
- Reciprocating Saw- similar to a jig saw but smaller and contains more power. This saw is good for home framing projects and working in tight areas.
- Scroll Saw- creates small, precise curves in wood. Toymakers and crafters who do scroll work use these saws.
- Table Saw- cuts both straight and angled lines in wood. Uses a rip fence as a guide to keep the wood a certain distance from the saw’s blade. A miter guide is used to make angled cuts.
- Band Saw- a saw with a metal band that rotates on wheels and the saw teeth cut into the blade. Band saws are used to rip or cut angles into wood.
- Chain Saw- everyone will recognize this saw from horror movies. They may be run by electric or gas engines. Chain saws are used to make rough, wide cuts in wood , such as when cutting down trees.